Jeannie Ureno - Pyrography - November 2012
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Tips / nibs
Ruler - for straight lines and measuring
Compass - circles
Pencil and sharpener
Needle nose pliers, to help take nibs off
Tracing paper / graphite paper - to transfer your design, use tape to hold your design in place when transferring. Use a red or blue pen to trace with. This way you will know where to start and stop on your transfer. BUT do not push too
hard or you will dent your wood.
Try to use light color wood to show off the burning.
Holly - nice light color wood, easy to burn
Research and ﬁnd a unit that will ﬁt your needs. If you only plan to sign your
work then get a basic model from local craft store.
NIBS / TIPS
Cleaning - sand paper, but use ﬁne and be careful not to over sand.
Honing stick or block
Steel wool , ﬁne
Razor blade, to scrape off build up on the nib
PRO ( P ) Con ( C )
Use color after you burn, the burn lines will act as a border for the color so it does not bleed. Go light to dark, You will not be able to lighten any color once it is absorbed into the wood.
Alcohol base dye
Alcohol , use to thin your color
Paper towels - for blotting brush
SELECTING THE RIGHT NIB
SKEW: ( looks like razor )
Use for lines:
Fine , crisp lines
Good for straight lines, edging
Good for cross hatching, for shading
When using a skew, keep clean and sharp ( Honed ),
Pull towards you - do not push away from you.
When turning, you will need to guide your board in the
Opposite direction you are turning so your nib continues
to pull toward you.
WRITER: Like a pencil ( my favorite tip to use )
Use for signatures, ﬂoats like a pencil, travels in any direction.
Different sizes - ﬁne lines to heavy lines.
Lines - crosshatching for shading, texture
Stippling - time consuming, good for shading, texture
Good for ﬁlling in background, blacked areas, gives depth.
Good for large areas.
Shader is good for soft shading.
When using a shader, use a sweeping motion, lifting off and upward.
They get very hot to hold when you burn at a high temperature.
You can use pen grips to help control the heat. They also give
cushion / comfort when holding the pen. They come in a few styles,
you will have to ﬁnd the ones that best ﬁt your pen style and your comfort.
You can use a fan to PULL AWAY the smoke as you burn.
Do not position the fan to blow at the pen, this will cause the smoke to blow on you and cool your tip as you are trying to burn causing it to burn inconsistently.
Choose unﬁnished wood to burn on. If you burn on ﬁnished wood it will cause more smoke and possibly toxic fumes. It also does not burn as easily when there is a ﬁnish on it because you are ﬁrst trying to burn through the finish.
When you are done burning, you can then choose to color your piece or not,
Then ﬁnish it. You may ﬁrst want to take a light sanding to the piece to
Smooth any roughness before applying your favorite ﬁnish you normally use.